The Siberian Highlands .. severe cold weather may be witnessed in Egypt

The Siberian High is a scientific term known to meteorologists around the world, describing a condition where the weather is very cold.

The Siberian Highland consists of cold and dense air, causing snow and fog to form on the highlands, and visibility becomes almost non-existent.

The Siberian High usually covers large areas from Asia to Western Europe, and at these times it affects very cold weather and at times central Europe is covered with snow.

As for when it extends to the north of the African continent and crosses the Mediterranean, the temperatures become moderate according to the geographical location of each country.

However, the weather at night is cold and the temperature is less than usual, but if the effect of the Siberian high extends into winter, the nights will be very cold and fog will form in the early morning, and the higher the pressure values, the more stable it will be, according to the Egyptian Meteorological Authority.

The Siberian High is a semi-permanent high pressure center centered towards the North Pole above 45° N latitude in northeastern Siberia. It is one of the most important air pressure centers during the northern hemisphere winter.

Does the Siberian high hit Egypt?

Dr. Manar Ghanem, a member of the media office of the General Authority of Meteorology in Egypt, said that the Siberian high air comes from North Asia and Russia, and the temperatures there are 50 degrees below zero.

She added that the elevation causes a huge mass of cold air to gather over the Siberian region, and is formed as a result of severe surface cooling over the continental regions far from marine influences.

And about news of Egypt’s exposure to the rise, she said that Egypt is exposed these days to a rise in the upper layers of the atmosphere that causes a decrease in temperatures, noting that “Al-Mahrousa” is not now exposed to the Siberian rise. It expected Egypt to be exposed to the Siberian High during the winter of 2023.

She pointed out that Egypt’s distinguished location and the presence of the Mediterranean Sea helped to modify that very cold block of the Siberian High when it reaches North Africa.

The Siberian Highlands covers vast areas extending from the foothills around the Caspian Sea to the Anadyr mountain range in northeastern Siberia, centered around the Baikal region.

The Siberian High aims to migrate towards the interface overlooking the Pacific Ocean of Eurasia during periods of intense air circulation, but during alternating periods of weak air circulation it migrates west towards Europe, and weather conditions are greatly affected by these fluctuations in atmospheric pressure, for example, northwestern Europe may hit a severe cold wave accompanied by With dry continental air coming from Asia during a period of weak atmospheric circulation, the Siberian High is also associated with the lowest temperatures ever recorded in the northern hemisphere.

Types of winds accompany the Siberian Highland

The Siberian High is accompanied by 5 types of winds, the first of which is (static), and it does not have a clear horizontal direction that can be distinguished and measured, and its speed is between 0-0.2 m / s.

The second type (northern), blowing from the north towards the south, especially in the areas east of the Siberian Highlands.

The (easterly) wind is the third type, and this type of wind is the most frequent type of wind accompanying the Siberian High on the regions of the Middle East, and it can be considered the prevailing wind.

The fourth type is the (southern) wind. It usually blows over eastern Europe during the extension of the highlands towards western Russia, where the prevailing winds become south in the region extending from the Balkans to the Baltic states (countries bordering the Baltic Sea).

The last (westerly) wind usually blows over northern Russia and the Arctic Ocean, if the center of the elevation is in the middle of the Asian continent, and these winds are usually warmer than usual.

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